Albanese voted Australia’s leader in complex poll

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SYDNEY, Australia – Australians woke up on Sunday to a new prime minister in Anthony Albanese, the centre-left Labor Party leader whose rise to the country’s top job after being raised in public housing by a single mother on a disability pension would reflect the changed fabric of the country today.

The 59-year-old career politician, who described himself as the only candidate with a ‘non-Anglo Celtic name’ to run for prime minister in the office’s 121-year existence, referred to his humble education in central Sydney. suburb of Camperdown while thanking voters for making him the country’s 31st leader.

“It says a lot about our great country that a son of a single mother who was a disabled pensioner, who grew up in public accommodation down the road in Camperdown, can stand before you tonight as Prime Minister of Australia “Albanese told jubilant supporters after firing Scott Morrison from office to end nine years of Tory rule.

“Every parent wants more for the next generation than they had. My mother dreamed of a better life for me. And I hope my journey in life inspires Australians to aim for the stars,” he said. -he declares.

But it remains unclear whether Albanese’s party could form a majority government or have to rely on support from more independents and lawmakers from minor parties who won seats in Saturday’s election, in results which analysts described as extremely complicated, and which also reflected the face of modern Australia.

With the count set to continue for several days as mail-in votes are counted, one prospect that emerged was that Albanese may have to be sworn in as caretaker prime minister to attend Tuesday’s Quad summit in Tokyo. with US President Joe Biden, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The election was a clear rebuke to Australia’s traditional two-party system, both for Labor and the heavily defeated Conservative coalition led by outgoing Liberal Prime Minister Morrison. Major parties bled votes from fringe parties and independents, including in many seats considered Labor or coalition strongholds.

Needing 76 seats in the lower house of parliament, the House of Representatives, to govern in its own right, Labor on Sunday afternoon was voted the winner in 71, with 67% of the votes counted, according to the Australian Broadcasting Corp. .

The Liberal-National coalition led by just 52 – down drastically from its 76-bare majority in the 2019 poll, in what analysts called a fierce rejection of Morrison and his team’s handling of numerous issues during her three-year tenure, including climate, COVID -19, women’s rights, political integrity, and natural disasters such as bushfires and floods.

A total of 15 seats had been declared for independent candidates or minor parties. Of these, three were from the environment-focused Green Party and 12 were non-aligned politicians, with up to nine of these so-called teal independents.

In a new wave of Australian politics, teal independents are being marketed as a shade greener than the Liberal Party’s traditional blue color and want stronger government action to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions than it does that the government or the Labor Party are proposing.

Most of their successful candidates are women, their success seen in part as a repudiation of Morrison for his handling of gender issues, including the sex scandals that rocked Parliament during his last three-year term.

While Labor will form a majority or minority government, the two main parties have lost ground, with support for the coalition dropping more than 6% from the 2019 election and Labor’s vote dropping by around 1.2 % Sunday morning.

Albanese promised to bring Australians together, increase investment in social services and “end the climate wars”.

Speaking to reporters as he walked his dog through his electorate on Sunday morning, Albanese spoke of a more cooperative approach to parliamentary business – perhaps inevitable if Labor cannot form a majority government – ​​and described his victory as “a great moment”.

“It’s something that is a big moment in my life, but what I want it to be is a big moment for the country,” he said. “I want to change the country. I want to change the way politics works in this country.”

Greens leader Adam Bandt agreed, saying his party wanted to work with the next government to ‘address the climate crisis’ and an ‘inequality crisis’ which he said threatened Australia .

“The Liberal vote went down, the Labor vote went down,” he told reporters. “More people have turned to the Greens than ever before…because we said politics should be done differently.”

Albanese, who revealed in a 2016 interview that he had been reunited with his biological father in Italy in 2009, four years before he died, said his last name and that of new Senate Government Leader Penny Wong, which is of Chinese descent, reflected a modern style and multi-cultural Australia.

“I think that’s fine… someone with a non-Anglo-Celtic surname is the leader of the House of Representatives and someone with a surname like Wong is the leader of the government in the Senate,” did he declare.

With time imperative before Tuesday’s Quad summit, Australian National University constitutional law expert Prof Donald Rothwell has predicted that Albanese could be sworn in as caretaker prime minister to represent the country. at the Tokyo meeting.

Rothwell said in a press release that Australia’s Governor-General, the representative of Australia’s ultimate head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, “would not be prepared to swear in Albanian as ‘Prime Minister by interim “until the results are much clearer”.

Albanese, speaking to reporters on Sunday morning, simply said he would be among “five people to be sworn in tomorrow (Monday)” before attending the Quad meeting and then returning to Australia on Wednesday when “we let’s get to work.” The four colleagues he mentioned included lawmakers set to step into key financial portfolios and his deputy chief.

Labor has promised more financial aid and a strong social safety net as Australia grapples with the highest inflation since 2001 and soaring house prices.

The party also plans to raise the minimum wage and, on the foreign policy front, it has proposed establishing a Pacific Defense School to train neighboring armies in response to China’s potential military presence in the Solomon Islands. at the gates of Australia.

It also wants to tackle climate change with a more ambitious 43% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050.

Morrison, who became prime minister after an internal party coup in 2018, said he would step down as Liberal leader. His popularity had declined significantly since his surprise victory in the 2019 election, especially after vacationing in Hawaii during the ravaging bushfires in Australia in the summer of 2019-2020 and more recently amid the Solomon Islands strategic alliance. with China.

Copyright 2022 NPR. To learn more, visit https://www.npr.org.

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